The History of Roulette
Almost everyone knows about roulette and its importance in the casinos throughout the world. If you’ve ever been to a casino, there’s no way you could’ve missed the roulette wheel, even if you wanted to! It’s a very basic and entertaining casino game that’s based entirely on chance. Many consider roulette as gambling in its purest form.
It’s believed that the game of roulette was invented in France, sometime around 18th century. Many claim that the idea of roulette was brought to life by an inventor called Blaise Pascal who had been attempting the creation of a perpetual motion machine. It was his efforts that give form to the first roulette wheel.
Pay a visit to any English casino and you’re likely to come around several games resembling roulette, for ex. Roly-Poly, Reiner and Ace of hearts. The game of roulette evolved from its original form and developed into a casino regular having some standard set of rules. The first such casino roulette game made its appearance in the beautiful city of Paris in 1796. The rules of this game were detailed in a novel (La Roulette, ou le Jour) written by someone called Jaques Lablee, and published in 1801. His book described the betting layouts, the numbers, the colours, different arrangements apart from many other roulette rules and regulations in good detail. That roulette book even brought a large number of non-gamblers to casinos, simply out of curiosity.
Another book on roulette was published in the year 1758 in Quebec, which functioned as a reference manual for the game. It was aimed at acquainting the readers with roulette and the reasoning behind its ban along with other gambling games like faro, hoca and dice.
The first roulette wheel to have ever been produced for playing/gambling purpose was in the year 1843 by Frenchman named Luis Blanc and Francois. This roulette wheel had just one ‘0’ slot in it. The introduction of such single ‘0’ slot was perceived by the French as an excellent means of decreasing the house’s advantage, compared to the conventional roulette wheels that had two ‘0’ slots. It meant that the players now had better chances of winning at roulette, leading to the differentiation between European and American roulette wheels, in the number of ‘0’ slots in them.
Starting 1886, American roulette wheels started having 1 to 28 slots, apart from a ‘0’, a ‘00’ and an eagle slot. Many popular gambling books began clarifying that these 0 and eagle slots weren’t actually bars or holes, but instead the spaces that could take all the outside table bets if the ball dropped into any one of them.
Playing roulette had become extremely contagious and addictive during the 1800s. It became so notorious in the betting circles that every avid gambler wanted to spread roulette to every corner of the world.
By 1860s, roulette was only permitted in Monte Carlo and no other part of Europe. Such a move resulted in creation of several first-class casinos in Monte Carlo, encouraging all European gamblers to visit this new Mecca of gambling in Europe.
To this day, American roulette wheel consists of two 0s (00) and the European roulette one (0). The history of a roulette is extremely colourful and the game is still considered the king among all casino games!